Overview: Radiation mechanism, types of antennas, components of a communication system.
Theoretical foundation: Vector potentials and its solution, inhomogeneous vector potential wave equation, duality theorem, reciprocity theorem.
Elementary radiators: Infinitesimal electric and magnetic dipole, power radiated.
Fundamental antenna parameters: Near field, far field, radiation pattern, power density, power intensity, directivity, gain, antenna efficiency, input impedance, bandwidth, polarization.
Wire antennas: small dipoles, finite-length dipoles, monopoles, loop antennas.
Antenna arrays: Two-element array, N-element linear array, planar arrays.
Aperture antennas: Field equivalence principle, rectangular and circular apertures, Babinet's principle, Horn and Reflector antennas, Microstrip antennas
Propagation of electromagnetic waves: Free-space propagation, path loss, reflection, refraction, ground effects, ground waves, multipath propagation, diffraction, scattering, absorption, propagation models for mobile communications.