Structure of epithelial tissue. Connective tissues,bone tissue, cartilage, blood, muscle tissue, nervous tissue.
Morphogenetic processes in embryogenesis and organogenesis.
Introduction to anatomy:anatomy position terms, anatomical planes, regions and cavities of the human body.
Cardiovascular system: general organization. Systemic and pulmonary circulation. Heart: topography, external and internal configuration. Cardiac conduction system. Pericardium. General features of vessels and description of the main vessels. Foetal circulation. Lymphoid organs: spleen, thymus, lymphnodes. Lymphatic system: general organization.
Respiratory system: general organization. Macroscopic anatomy and structure of: nasal cavities, pharynx, larynx, trachea, bronchial tree, lungs, pleurae.
Digestive system: general organization. Macroscopic anatomy and structure of: oral cavity, pharynx, oesophage, stomach, small and large intestine, salivary glands, liver, pancreas. Peritoneum and peritoneal formations.
Urinary system: macroscopic anatomy and structure of the kidney. ureters, bladder, urethra.
Endocrine system: general organization. Macroscopic anatomy and general structure of: hypothalamus, hypophysis, epiphysis, thyroid, parathyroid, adrenal glands, ovary, testicle. Endocrine cells in different systems.
Reproductive system: male and femmale gonads and reproductive tracts.
Musculoskeletal system: general features of the human bones: short, long, flat, irregular bones. Axial and appendicular skeleton. Types of joint, morphofunctional features, static and dynamic stabilizers of the main joints. General features of the skull; bones of neurocranium. The vertebral column: general features, vertebrae, joints. General organization of the skeletal muscles, types of muscle fibres. Bone insertions, morphology and movements of the respiratory muscles.
Organization of the central and peripheral nervous system, afferent and efferent pathways, spinal cord, brainstem, cerebellum, diencephalon,telencephalon, ventricular system, cerebrospinal fluid. meninges. Receptors, spinal nerves and organization of plexuses. General organization of autonomic nervous system.
Embryology and anatomy of maxilla, mandible, teeth.
Types of teeth. Structure of the tooth. Periodontum. Oral cavity. Salivary glands.